Windows Server 2012 – Installation

  • Only 64 Bit versions of Windows Server 2012 are available
  • Server Core and Full GUI Option and ne Minimal Server Interface are available and can be changed after installation
  • No Itanium Version availlable

Installation requirements for Windows Server 2012

Minimal Requirements for Windows Server 2012

  • 1.4 GHz 64-bit processor
  • 512 MB RAM
  • 32 GB available disk
  • DVD drive
  • Super VGA (800x600)
  • Keyboard and mouse
  • Internet access

Maximum Hardware configuration for Windows Server 2012

  • 640 logical processors
  • 4 TB RAM
  • 63 Failover cluster nodes

Server Core

Server Core is  just a installation option – no special edition.

Advantage of Server Core

  • Uses less ressources
  • Uses less disk space
  • Needs less patching
  • More secure to attacks

With Server Manager and other tools, administrators can install a server using the server core option, join these into existing domain via PowerShell and never touch the console again. All necessary tasks can be run from a remote workstation.

Roles available in server core installationRoles not available in server core installation
Active Directory Certificate ServicesActive Directory Federation Services
Active Directory Domain ServicesApplication Server
Active Directory Lightweight Directory ServicesFax Server
Active Directory Rights Management ServicesNetwork Policy and Access Services
DHCP ServerRemote Desktop Services:

Remote Desktop Gateway
Remote Desktop Session Host
Remote Desktop Web Access

DNS Server 
File and Storage Services 
Print and Document Services 
Remote Desktop Services

Remote Desktop Connection Broke
Remote Desktop Desktop Licensing
Remote Desktop Virtualization Host

Remote Access 
Web Server (IIS) 
Windows Server Update Services 


The Minimal Server Interface

The Minimal Server Interface consists of the program an the prompt (as you see in Server Core). To activate the Minimal Server Interface make sure that only the Feature “Graphical Management Tools and Infrastructure” is installed. The following video shows how to change between the different options.

Watch this video on YouTube.

Features on demand

Windows Server 2012 has its features in the so called side by
side directory, usually C:WindowsWinSxS.
With features on demand administrators can activate any of the features without
supplying a installation medium. The disadvantage of it is that the WinSxS
Directory is very large. If you are running out of space, perhaps because if you
are using SSDs, you probably have to reduce the amount your installation is
using. You can deinstall features via Powershell.

CBT Nuggets have a really good video for this here


Watch this video on YouTube.


Upgrade paths

Versions prior to 2008 are not supported. Also not supportet are
upgrades from pre-RTM versions and Itanium versions.

If you are running

You can upgrade to these editions:

Windows Server
2008 Standard with SP2 or Windows Server 2008 Enterprise with SP2
Windows Server 2012 Standard, Windows Server 2012 Datacenter
Windows Server
2008 Datacenter with SP2
Windows Server 2012 Datacenter
Windows Web
Server 2008
Windows Server 2012 Standard
Windows Server
2008 R2 Standard with SP1 or Windows Server 2008 R2 Enterprise with SP1
Windows Server 2012 Standard, Windows Server 2012 Datacenter
Windows Server
2008 R2 Datacenter with SP1
Windows Server 2012 Datacenter
Windows Web
Server 2008 R2
Windows Server 2012 Standard


for more infos concerning upgrades.

Upgrades should be avoided and a new installation should be prefered.

If it can’t be avoided, make sure

  • To check hardware compatibility
  • To check that you have enough disk space available
  • That Drivers are signed or disable the driver signature (F8 duringe
  • That you have your mass storage driver available (i. e. on a USB Stick)
  • To check application compatibility
  • That you have a backup
  • To disable Anti Virus
  • Disconnect UPS
  • That you have the correct version and keys available.


Read a step by step on how to install Hyper-V on Bare Metal at the Altaro Website.

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